From January 2016 to February 2017 MSF treated 106 cases of intentional injuries allegedly perpetrated by Hungarian border patrols. All cases treated by MSF teams follow similar patterns of violence including beating injuries (54 cases), dog bites (24 cases), irritations of tear gas and pepper spray (15 cases) and other injuries (35 cases). Such abuse did not exclude vulnerable people such as unaccompanied minors: out of 106 cases, 22 of them are under 18 years.
"People tell us that they are beaten, made to lie on the ground while police officers stomp on them wearing boots, that their clothes and shoes are often confiscated in the snow so that they have to walk back to Serbia barefoot through the cold. The bruising and the other symptoms that we see and treat are consistent with the type of abuses described," declares Christopher Stokes, MSF General Director, who has just come back from Serbia.
“It’s like a “standard package of abuse”, a ritual of brutality at the EU’s own border designed to stop people from trying to cross again. It is just shocking that this is happening with European leaders turning a blind eye. During the EU Council meeting on the 9th March, which will be held exactly one year after the official closure of the Balkan road, European leaders should discuss if this brutality is how they plan to continue to protect their borders.”
According to recent testimonies collected by MSF teams, this violence has become repetitive and more humiliating in the last few weeks. During the last weeks of February, more precisely on the night between 21st and 22nd of February almost 240 people were allegedly pushed back from Hungary. The day after the MSF clinic in Belgrade was crowded with more than 20 people seeking medical care after being severely beaten. “This probably represents only the tip of the iceberg, as many of the people we meet at the border, for a variety of reasons, do not seek medical care for their injuries. The volunteer groups that we are working with at the border encounter similar cases in large numbers” continues Stokes.
MSF calls on European authorities and EU institutions to ensure full respect of the right to seek asylum and to strongly condemn all forms of ill-treatment at borders: “Fences, push-backs and deterrence are not only cruel and inhumane, they are also ineffective and do not prevent people from crossing. We continue to call for safe and legal channels to be open for people seeking protection in Europe” concludes Stokes.
MSF has been present in Serbia since late 2014 providing medical and mental health care, shelter and water and sanitation at the entry and exit points of the country. Since January 2016 MSF has been present in Belgrade with a mobile clinic providing primary health and mental health care to those stranded in informal settlements in the city center. For all of 2016, MSF has been distributing non-food items and advocating for access to health, shelter and protection for the vulnerable population stranded in Serbia.